Lets Fight Against COVID 19

Indian Government

Help Line Number :      1075 and +91-11-23978046

Email: ncov2019@gmail.com

Coronavirus: do not leave your home
Everyone must stay at home to help stop the spread of coronavirus.

Introduction

On December 31, 2019, China informed the World Health Organization of a cluster of cases of pneumonia of an unknown cause in Wuhan City in Hubei province. On January 9, 2020, the WHO issued a statement saying Chinese researchers have made “preliminary determination” of the virus as a novel coronavirus.

Since then, more than 6,000 deaths have been reported due to COVID-19 across the world till March 20, 2020. Cases have been reported from more than 180 countries, including India. Lockdowns, curfews, massive airport screenings, quarantines, and social distancing have become the norm across the globe.

what are Coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses with some causing less

severe common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome

(MERS). The SARS-CoV-21 is a coronavirus very similar to the one that caused SARS.

Many coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted from animals to humans.
While the SARS coronavirus is thought to be an animal virus from an as-yet-uncertain animal reservoir, perhaps bats, that spread to other animals (civet cats) and first infected humans in the Guangdong province of southern China in 2002, the MERS coronavirus was passed on from dromedary camels to humans in Saudi Arabia in 2012.

There is evidence that the SARS-CoV-2 has also been transmitted from bats

Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19

  • Definition: Coronavirus is a large family of viruses that causes illness ranging from mild to severe respiratory diseases.
  • Nature: Coronavirus is disease-causing agent.
  • Severity: Causes mild to severe respiratory illiness
  • Definition: COVID 19 is a novel coronavirus disease first reported in December 2019 and ongoing outbreak in the world.
  • Nature: COVID 19 is respiratory illness.
  • Severity: Can have potentially serious complications, such as trouble breathing and pneumonia.

Understanding the disease

The World Health Organisation has declared COVID-19 to be a pandemic . The symptoms of COVID-19 appear within two to 14 days after exposure and include fever, cough, a runny nose and difficulty in breathing.

How does the disease spread?

It primarily spreads through the respiratory droplets of infected people. If a person touches a surface or object that has been infected by the virus and then touches his own mouth, nose, or eyes, he may get infected.

Who is affected?

While people of all ages can be affected by the disease, people aged 80 and above are at the highest risk of dying due to COVID-19, according to case records analysed by the Disease Control and Prevention Centers in China and South Korea. Victims of the virus with pre-existing medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes have a higher fatality rate than others. Also the rate of fatalities was relatively higher for retirees.

Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus

Wash your hands frequently

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.

Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain social distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Practice respiratory hygiene

Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.

Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.