- “Dung cakes“, made from the by-products of animal husbandry, are traditionally used as fuel in India for cooking food in a domestic hearth called a Chulha.
- They are made by hand by village women and are traditionally made from cow or buffalo dung.
- One dung cake of an average size gives 2100 kJ worth of energy.
- The manure is used as a rich fertilizer, an efficient fuel and biogas producer, a useful building material, a raw material for paper making, and an insect repellent.
- Cow dung “chips” are used in throwing contests and cow pie bingo is played as a game